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Posted by on in SAP GTS

Customs duties are taxes levied upon commodities imported into or exported from a country. In most countries customs duties have always formed one of the most important sources of revenue, while in others, a primary instrument of state economic regulation. In this blog series I discuss the structure and calculation of customs duty in SAP GTS. However, first, we will review the origin of customs charges and the history of the tariff, including the types of customs duties historically adopted.

It appears that the word "duty" comes from Anglo-Norman dueté which was a derivative of Old French deu or "owed" which was turned into débitus in Latin (debt in English). At a very early stage of its history, duties were levied on all exports and imports at Athens for purposes of public revenue. The French term "tariff" comes from Arabic language and was used to represent a port tax collected from ships. It is said that the tariff was engraved on a stone pillar in both Greek and Aramaic "for salted goods carried by donkey, the person in charge of the customs farm shall collect three denarii per load at importation and exportation". French were the first to set the fundamental stone in a tariff policy of their state, followed by England, which used tariff for sea transportations as an effective instrument for prosperity and safety of their country.

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Posted by on in SAP GTS
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Posted by on in SAP GTS
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The EntryPoint team recently attended Baker & McKenzie's webinar on 'Product-Related Environmental Restrictions and Compliance – EU, Russia/CIS and China.' This webinar provided an excellent overview of the product-related regulations on the markets of the EU, Russia and China. Let's review the major points discussed during the webinar and identify key elements of the product compliance system.

European Union

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Even in SAP, business partners speak different languages. This "miscommunication" is apparent when you try to transfer master data or transactional data from ECC feeder system to GTS and notice that your documents do not hold the partners that you would expect to see. Below are some hints to ensure partners are configured in a right language and that they can be transferred to GTS with no issues.

The ship-to party in the German system key is 'WE' while in English language it is 'SH'. The same with Sold-to party which in German is 'AG' and in English is 'SP'. Some may wonder why SAP would have partners used throughout SAP functionality in 2 languages. We are going to leave this discussion for another time. In the meanwhile, we introduce you to the partner function conversion table that lists all partner functions and their English descriptions. This table is maintained in SD partner determination in ECC:

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